About Us Iran

Statement by H.E. Mr. Mohsen Amin Zadeh 

Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

 President Nazarbayev, Presidents and Leaders,

 Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,

At the outset, I wish to express my sincere gratitude to you, President Nazarbayev, for your commitment and dedication to the cause of promoting interaction and confidence building among the Asian States. I also wish to record appreciation for the tre mendous and successful efforts made by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan to hold the First Summit Meeting of CICA member states, the excellent arrangements and warm hospitality provided by the government and people of Kazakhstan deserve our utmost commendations. 

Mr. Chairman,

The international community is facing numerous challenges and inextricable threats such as terrorism, regional crises, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, organized crime, drug trafficking, poverty, underdevelopment, worldwide political, economic and social gaps, unilateralism and suppression of peoples' aspirations to restore their basic rights, particularly the right to self-determination. To overcome these challenges and threats, humanity needs to develop a comprehensive and practical approach based on rationality, wisdom, collective cooperation and confidence emanating from understanding.

The first step for resolving these problems and developing such an approach is to accept the fact that a genuine security will not be achieved by introduction of sophisticated military plans or expansion of the arsenals of lethal weapons or their arbitrary and unlawful use. This is a goal that can only be pursued and realized through coexistence, understanding, cooperation, and opting for dialogue instead of contention, confidence instead of suspicion, and interaction instead of confrontation. It is on this basis that efforts aimed at promoting interaction and confidence building in Asia has great potential to provide a supportive environment for collective participation,peace and security in Asia: the home to great civilizations and rich human cultures.

Mr. Chairman,

One of the most frightening threats against humanity is the continued existence, stockpiling and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction in all its dimension. After the end of the Cold War, there was a growing hope that global arms race and armed conflicts would be replaced with enhanced international cooperation and public participation within the framework of the international organizations to address the most urgent global issues.chief among them,elimination of weapons of mass destruction, particularly nuclear weapons. However, developments in recent years signaled the ree mergence of the cold war mentality with some world powers,who have conveniently disregarded international arrangements and multilateral agreements,adopted a unilateral approachand embarked on developing a new military doctrine that allows for the use of nuclear weapons and production of a new generation of these weapons. Undoubtedly ree mergence of suchmentality and relying on nuclear weapons to exert pressure on other countries is a serious threat to international peace and security.

Terrorism is another major challenge to regional and international peace and security. This sinister phenomenon and global menace has been built on the foundation of violence and hatred. It recognizes no national or geographical boundaries, and it has claimed many innocent lives worldwide. Campaigns against terrorism require appropriate international legal framework, political will on the parts of all countries and cooperation and coordination among all players at the international level. In this process, all countries must enhance their cooperation under the auspices of the United Nations to develop a comprehensive counter-terrorism strategy, which include an agreed definition of terrorism. Fighting terrorism must be law-based and transparent. Addressing the underlying causes of this international menace is an inescapable imperative. In fighting terrorism, any practice of double standard, any use of selective or biased approach, any form of exclusion will not only prove not to be constructive, but will also entail irreparable damages to the cause of fighting terrorism. In the global campaign against terrorism,the charter of the United Nations and the recognized principles of international law, such as the right of peoples to self determination and the right of legitimate self-defense against aggression and occupation must be respected. Launching unfounded accusations against any member of the international community and biased campaigns to associate terrorism with any particular culture, religion or nation will definitely undermine confidence and mutual trust at the international level, which is a disservice to international peace and security.

Fighting terrorism by a military approach alone is impractical for, at the same time, the underlying causes of terrorism should also be addressed. The root causes of many terrorist acts should be explored either in the unfavorable political, social and economic conditions within and between countries, or in the declining moral and ethical values and in the decreasing necessary sensibility to the principles of justice, equality and responsibility vis-a-vis each and every human being.

Mr. Chairman,

The Islamic Republic of Iran had warned the international community about the threat of the Taliban and their associates when they first came to power in Afghanistan and regarded them a serious threat to regional and international peace and security. In order to help to control the crisis in Afghanistan, lessen the pain and sorrow of the Afghan people, and return normalcy to that country on the basis of the will of the Afghan people, the Islamic Republic of Iran has made its fair share of efforts on its own and in cooperation with the Organization of the Islamic Conference, the United Nations and in the Bonn Conference. The guiding principle of Iran policy towards Afghanistan is to support the Interim Administration, the process of establishing the Transitional Administration and ultimately establishing, by Afghan people, of the permanent government of their own choice in Afghanistan. In this context, the Islamic Republic of Iran is committed to fulfilling more than its fair share in reconstruction and rehabilitation of Afghanistan. At the same time, we believe that return of peace and stability in Afghanistan requires the serious political will and cooperation of the entire international community and not the divisive approach of some major powers. 

Mr. Chairman,

The Middle East crisis continues to be one of the most serious challenges of our time jeopardizing international peace and security. Over the past fifty years, the people of Palestine have been the target of the most heinous, unlawful and inhuman treatment by an occupying regime. During this time, the most basic norms and principles of international law, the most fundamental principles of human rights were violated and all resolutions of the United Nations were defied. The struggles of a nation to restore its inalienable rights, particularly the right to self determination have been brutally crushed, all Divine and human values and considerations were trampted upon, and the will of international community and the world public opinion were disregarded. The atrocities of this regime in the occupied territories over the past months clearly illustrate this bitter reality. Intifadah represents the awakening of the Palestinian people and their resolute determination to achieve their legitimate and basic rights and it deserves to receive serious and practical support from the international community.

Continued production and stockpiling of weapons of mass destruction including nuclear weapons and existence of nuclear facilities outside international safeguard regime in the Middle East a sensitive and volatile region marked by armed conflict, not only threatens regional security but also endangers peace and security at the international level. Undoubtedly allaying these concerns and relieving humanity from the fear of weapons of mass destruction cannot but be achieved through joining, by those who have not yet done so, the nuclear weapons Non proliferation Treaty, Che mical Weapons Convention, Biological Weapons Convention, and placing nuclear facilities under international safeguard regime.

Mr. Chairman,

Dealing with these challenges and threats I have referred to requires the urgent and collective cooperation of all countries in the context of the international organizations particularly the United Nations as well as within the framework of multilateral and bilateral arrangements. The entire humanity, tired of war and bloodshed and yearning for justice and compassion, has pinned hope on the will and determination of all peace-loving countries.

Having a realistic understanding of the global problems and challenges facing us, especially those in the second half of the 20th century, the Islamic Republic of Iran has always tried to play a constructive role in the international scene. It was on this basis that Iran raised the idea of dialogue among civilizations in the United Nations in order to promote understanding, tolerance and respect for diversity of cultures, and as an enabling paradigm to face the current global challenges and threats to international peace and security. The wide and global reception of this idea and the adoption of a unanimous resolution containing a «Plan of Action» in the Fifty Sixth Session of the United Nations General Assembly clearly point to the common conviction of all states in the important role that dialogue among civilization has in addressing global problms.

      Asian nations, constituting a large segment of the international community, do possess the capacity and potentials to play a more effective role in strengthening and safeguarding international peace and security. Creation and consolidation of regional forums such as CICA can well contribute to convergence and integration in Asia in order to resolve problems and advance common objectives. Of course, to achieve our shared goals, we need to develop a true understanding of the nature and dimensions of challenges facing us so as to be able to work out appropriate mechanisms to deal with them that are consistent with our cultural and religious values, historical experiences and our material and moral powers. It is in this context that not only we,the CICA member states,but the entire world looks at India and Pakistan, to see if the leaders of these two great nations, do muster the courage, do dare, rise above Conflict and enter into dialogue to appraise the nature and dimension of the volatile situation at hand and devise an amicable mechanism, in the wise tradition of the sub-continent, to defuse tension and explore a peaceful solution. Violence is said to be the ultimate manifestation of inarticulateness. This forum, where many world leaders are present and surely eager to be helpful, is perhaps most auspicious and timely for India and Pakistan to revisit the path being paved. As an old friend to both Pakistan and India, the Islamic Republic of Iran earnestly hopes that their leaders could avail themselves of this timely opportunity provided by CICA, and prevent escalation of tension in the region through dialogue.

Once again I wish to thank you, President Nazarbayev for your vision, and the people and government of Kazakhstan for hosting this important Summit meeting, and I hope with cooperation and concerted efforts of Member States CICA is increasingly strengthened so as to achieve its noble objectives.