About Us Cambodia

Statement by H.E Mr. Roland Eng

Adviser

Royal Government of Cambodia

 Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,

May I first of all extend the warm greeting of His Excellency Deputy Prime Minister HOR Namhong, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, to the Government and people of Kazakhstan and to all of you present here. Due to his prior engagement, the Deputy Prime Minister deeply regrets that he could not participate in today’s event to mark the 20th anniversary of the CICA process and its Fourth Ministerial Meeting. On behalf of Cambodian delegation, please accept my deepest appreciation for the warm hospitality kindly extended to the delegation of Cambodia.

Cambodia wishes to pay tribute to H.E. Mr. Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the occasion of CICA’s 20th anniversary. Your Excellency can be proud of your farsighted initiative. From your historic statement at the 47th session of the United Nations in 1992, CICA comes out as a new emerging force with its noble aim to enhance peace in Asia through building mutual trust and promoting security and stability in the region. With 24 Member States, 8 Observers countries and 3 International Organizations such as the UN, the OSCE (Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe) and the League of Arab States; CICA has contributed significantly to shaping the multilateral system in promoting harmony and stability in the Asian region, thereby contributing to global peace and security.

Cambodia is particularly honoured to join the CICA family as a full member since March 2011 and we stand ready to play an active role in enhancing cooperation with other CICA Member States for the cause of peace, security, and sustainable development in our region.

Asia’s economies and social landscape have flourished in such a way that it has shifted our region into the engine of growth for the whole world. However, We are all facing with many daunting non-traditional security challenges, such as terrorism, the proliferation of the Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs), Climate change, food and energy security, piracy, drug and human trafficking, trans-boundary organized crimes, as well as poverty and hunger. In order to steer through the turbulence, we must strengthen our cooperation in areas of common priorities toward a shared and sustainable prosperity.

Terrorism continues to be a major concern for many countries that needs constant attention and enhanced cooperation among states, especially in terms of information sharing, capacity building; and sharing of best practices is necessary in order to strengthen our capability for timely prevention of acts of terrors. 

Another issue of a global concern is climate change. Despite the multiplication of extreme weather plaguing the world, it is regrettable that the international community remains divided to embark on a roadmap towards a radical turning short-term emissions of greenhouse gases. The threat of climate change is indisputable and represents a huge challenge that needs quick global response.  Cambodia welcomes the first meeting on Green Climate Fund in Geneva last August 23-25 to assist the Developing countries who already undertake considerable national adaption and mitigation planning programs. Climate change is one example where CICA can encourage the developed nations to fulfill their commitments to assist developing nations to tackle climate change in accordance to the principle of “Common but differentiated responsibilities”.

Cambodia, where 80% of the population depends on agriculture is viewed as one of the five most affected countries in the Asia Pacific, according to the report published jointly by the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and the International Strategy for the United Nations Disaster Reduction (ISDR). Likewise, we are of the view that natural disaster management and cooperation mechanism should be further developed and strengthened among CICA members to address natural disasters that are happening more frequently. For its part, the ASEAN has established the ASEAN Center for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA) to respond effectively during the time of urgent need and we stands ready to cooperate with CICA in this particular effort.

Food security is another pressing issue that needs CICA’s highest attention where global food system is highly oil-dependent. There is no quick solution for the world’s worsening food crisis within the current unsustainable energy, agricultural and trade system. A major global reform is needed in order to implement the RIO+20’s recommendations on sustainable development. In the meantime, we can only but to appeal to the world oil-producing countries to consider the negative effects of higher fuel prices and their impacts on food security affecting the developing world.  In this connection, ASEAN is focusing on adjusting its fiscal policy to address the risk and stress caused on the welfare of the poor by rising commodity prices by adopting a Comprehensive Strategy on Food Security and Bio-energy Development with the main goal of providing umbrella for multi-sectorial cooperation among ASEAN+3 countries in ensuring long-term food security and bio-energy development. In addition, ASEAN has also signed the Emergency Rice Reserve Agreement to face emergency requirements and achieving humanitarian purposes.

        Mr President, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,

In many aspects the centre of gravity of world power is shifting to the East. As such, it will underscore CICA’s proactive and constructive role in preserving international peace, security and stability as well as promoting sustainable development. It is my strong belief that CICA will continue to be an effective vehicle for all of us to overcome the present global challenges and to effectively promote the interest of CICA members within the international context of today. 

Recognizing the importance of contributing to world peace and to support the United Nations at the time of need, Cambodia has contributed in recent years many hundreds of its soldiers in the framework of the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (UNPKO) in several countries namely South Sudan, Central Africa, Chad, and Lebanon. We stand ready to dispatch an additional infantry battalion of 850 military and police force to South Sudan.

To this end, Cambodia wishes to contribute more effectively through the UNSC to the cause of peace, security and peaceful settlement of conflicts; and equipped with its own experience in successfully ending civil war, post-conflict and national reconciliation processes, Cambodia has presented for the very first time since it joined the UN in 1955 its candidature for a Non-Permanent Member of the United Nations Security Council for the term 2013-2014 whose election will take place later this month during the 67th Session of the United Nation General Assembly, the year Cambodia chairs the ASEAN. Therefore I wish to take this opportunity to convey in advance Cambodia’s deepest appreciation for the support you can extend for Cambodia’s candidature. 

         I thank you for your kind attention.